The need for phase-encoding flow compensation in high-resolution intracranial magnetic resonance angiography.
Dennis L Parker, K Craig Goodrich, John A Roberts, Brian E Chapman, Eun-Kee Jeong, Seong-Eun Kim, Jay S Tsuruda, Gregory L Katzman
J Magn Reson Imaging | Published : 2003
PURPOSE: To demonstrate that the time delay between phase and frequency encoding and the presence of pulsatile blood flow in high-resolution time-of-flight (TOF) imaging of the intracranial arteries (especially near the circle of Willis) can distort the appearance of blood vessels and result in a cross-hatch-appearing artifact in surrounding tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two techniques to reduce the artifact, tri-directional flow compensation (3DFC) and elliptical-centric (EC) phase-encoding order, are investigated in five volunteer studies. RESULTS: 3DFC eliminates the pulsation-related artifacts and the vessel distortion. A residual amplitude variation artifact is observed. EC phase encod..View full abstract