The activity of (S)-1-[(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonyl methoxy) propyl] cytosine (HPMPC) against equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) in cell cultures, mice and horses.
JS Gibson, JD Slater, HJ Field
Antiviral Res | Published : 1992
The activity of the nucleotide analogue, (S)-1-[(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonyl methoxy) propyl] cytosine (HPMPC), against equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) was tested in cell culture, mice and foals. The ED50 for plaque reduction was found to be 0.07 and 0.03 microgram/ml in RK-13 and EEL cells respectively. In mice, a single administration of HPMPC (20 mg/kg, s.c.) was very effective at reducing clinical signs and virus replication if given on the day before intranasal inoculation with EHV-1. Treatment on the day of infection or day 1 p.i. was less effective, but still significantly reduced clinical signs and virus titres in the target organs (lungs and nasal tissue). Furthermore, HPMPC was found to pr..View full abstract