Journal article

Structural plasticity of KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3 enables altered docking geometries atop HLA-C

Shoeib Moradi, Sanda Stankovic, Geraldine M O'Connor, Phillip Pymm, Bruce J MacLachlan, Camilla Faoro, Christelle Retiere, Lucy C Sullivan, Philippa M Saunders, Jacqueline Widjaja, Shea Cox-Livingstone, Jamie Rossjohn, Andrew G Brooks, Julian P Vivian

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS | NATURE RESEARCH | Published : 2021

Abstract

The closely related inhibitory killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR), KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3, regulate the activation of natural killer cells (NK) by interacting with the human leukocyte antigen-C1 (HLA-C1) group of molecules. KIR2DL2, KIR2DL3 and HLA-C1 are highly polymorphic, with this variation being associated with differences in the onset and progression of some human diseases. However, the molecular bases underlying these associations remain unresolved. Here, we determined the crystal structures of KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3 in complex with HLA-C*07:02 presenting a self-epitope. KIR2DL2 differed from KIR2DL3 in docking modality over HLA-C*07:02 that correlates with variabilty of recogn..

View full abstract