Characterization of an L-amino acid oxidase in equine spermatozoa.
Joanna B Aitken, Nenad Naumovski, Ben Curry, Christopher G Grupen, Zamira Gibb, R John Aitken
Biol Reprod | Published : 2015
This study demonstrates for the first time the presence of an L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) enzyme in equine spermatozoa that is able to generate significant amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and create a state of oxidative stress. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the mRNA for this enzyme was present in the equine testis and spermatozoa, while immunocytochemical studies demonstrated that the mature LAAO protein was located in the sperm head, particularly in the acrosomal and postacrosomal domains. Experimental studies demonstrated that the aromatic amino acids (L-phenylalanine > L-tryptophan > L-tyrosine) were substrates for this enzyme, eliciting the dose- and time-dependent generation of..View full abstract