The mechanism of catalysis by type-II NADH:quinone oxidoreductases.
James N Blaza, Hannah R Bridges, David Aragão, Elyse A Dunn, Adam Heikal, Gregory M Cook, Yoshio Nakatani, Judy Hirst
Scientific Reports | Published : 2017
Type II NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (NDH-2) is central to the respiratory chains of many organisms. It is not present in mammals so may be exploited as an antimicrobial drug target or used as a substitute for dysfunctional respiratory complex I in neuromuscular disorders. NDH-2 is a single-subunit monotopic membrane protein with just a flavin cofactor, yet no consensus exists on its mechanism. Here, we use steady-state and pre-steady-state kinetics combined with mutagenesis and structural studies to determine the mechanism of NDH-2 from Caldalkalibacillus thermarum. We show that the two substrate reactions occur independently, at different sites, and regardless of the occupancy of the partne..View full abstract