Journal article

Improving the SWAT forest module for enhancing water resource projections: A case study in the St. Croix River basin

Q Yang, X Zhang, JE Almendinger, M Huang, G Leng, Y Zhou, K Zhao, GR Asrar, X Li, J Qiu

Hydrological Processes | Published : 2019

Abstract

Insufficiently calibrated forest parameters of the Soil & Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) may introduce uncertainties to water resource projections in forested watersheds. In this study, we improved SWAT forest parameterization and phosphorus cycling representations to better simulate forest ecosystems in the St. Croix River basin, and we further examined how those improvements affected model projections of streamflow, sediment, and nitrogen export under future climate conditions. Simulations with improved forest parameters substantially reduced model estimates of water, sediment, and nitrogen fluxes relative to those based on default parameters. Differences between improved and default project..

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