Nonsynonymous SNPs in LPA homologous to plasminogen deficiency mutants represent novel null apo(a) alleles.
Benjamin M Morgan, Aimee N Brown, Nikita Deo, Tom WR Harrop, George Taiaroa, Peter D Mace, Sigurd M Wilbanks, Tony R Merriman, Michael JA Williams, Sally PA McCormick
The Journal of Lipid Research | Published : 2020
Plasma lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] levels are largely determined by variation in the LPA gene, which codes for apo(a). Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified nonsynonymous variants in LPA that associate with low Lp(a) levels, although their effect on apo(a) function is unknown. We investigated two such variants, R990Q and R1771C, which were present in four null Lp(a) individuals, for structural and functional effects. Sequence alignments showed the R990 and R1771 residues to be highly conserved and homologous to each other and to residues associated with plasminogen deficiency. Structural modeling showed both residues to make several polar contacts with neighboring residues that..View full abstract