Journal article

Metabolic reprogramming of T regulatory cells in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment

Varun Sasidharan Nair, Reem Saleh, Salman M Toor, Farhan S Cyprian, Eyad Elkord

CANCER IMMUNOLOGY IMMUNOTHERAPY | SPRINGER | Published : 2021

Abstract

Metabolic dysregulation in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment (TME) is considered as a hallmark of solid tumors, leading to changes in biosynthetic pathways favoring onset, survival and proliferation of malignant cells. Within the TME, hypoxic milieu favors metabolic reprogramming of tumor cells, which subsequently affects biological properties of tumor-infiltrating immune cells. T regulatory cells (Tregs), including both circulating and tissue-resident cells, are particularly susceptible to hypoxic metabolic signaling that can reprogram their biological and physicochemical properties. Furthermore, metabolic reprogramming modifies Tregs to utilize alternative substrates and undergo a plethor..

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