Journal article

FoxP3( ) T regulatory cells in cancer: Prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets

Reem Saleh, Eyad Elkord

CANCER LETTERS | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

T Regulatory cells (Tregs) can have both protective and pathological roles. They maintain immune homeostasis and inhibit immune responses in various diseases, including cancer. Proportions of Tregs in the peripheral blood of some cancer patients increase by approximately two-fold, compared to those in healthy individuals. Tregs contribute to cancer development and progression by suppressing T effector cell functions, thereby compromising tumor killing and promoting tumor growth. Highly immunosuppressive Tregs express upregulated levels of the transcription factor, Forkhead box protein P3 (FoxP3). Elevated levels of FoxP3+ Tregs within the tumor microenvironment (TME) showed a positive correl..

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