Journal article

Expression of immune checkpoints and T cell exhaustion markers in early and advanced stages of colorectal cancer

Reem Saleh, Rowaida Z Taha, Salman M Toor, Varun Sasidharan Nair, Khaled Murshed, Mahwish Khawar, Mahmood Al-Dhaheri, Mahir Abdulla Petkar, Mohamed Abu Nada, Eyad Elkord

Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy | SPRINGER | Published : 2020


Despite recent advances in colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment, a large proportion of patients show limited responses to therapies, especially in advanced stages. There is an urgent need to identify prognostic biomarkers and/or therapeutic targets in advanced stages, aiming to improve the efficacy of current treatments. We aimed to determine prognostic biomarkers in tumor tissue and circulation of CRC patients, with a special focus on T cell exhaustion markers. We found that mRNA levels of PD-1, TIM-3, CTLA-4, TIGIT, CD160, CD244, KLRG1, TOX2, TOX3, Ki-67, and PRDM1 were elevated in CRC tumor tissues. We also investigated differences in gene expression between early and advanced disease stages..

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