Short-run effects of poverty on asthma, ear infections and health service use: analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children
Rebecca Bentley, Koen Simons, Amanda Kvalsvig, Barry Milne, Tony Blakely
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported an inferred causal association of income poverty with physical health among children; but making causal inference is challenging due to multiple potential sources of systematic error. We quantified the short-run effect of changes in household poverty status on children's health (asthma and ear infections) and service use (visits to the doctor and parent-reported hospital admissions), using a national longitudinal study of Australian children, with particular attention to potential residual confounding and selection bias due to study attrition. METHODS: We use four modelling approaches differing in their capacity to reduce residual confounding (generaliz..View full abstract
Awarded by Health Research Council of New Zealand
The results reported herein correspond to specific aims of grant HRC 17/250 to B.M. from the Health Research Council of New Zealand.