Short-run effects of poverty on asthma, ear infections and health service use: analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children.
Rebecca Bentley, Koen Simons, Amanda Kvelsvig, Barry Milne, Tony Blakely
Int J Epidemiol | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported an inferred causal association of income poverty with physical health among children; but making causal inference is challenging due to multiple potential sources of systematic error. We quantified the short-run effect of changes in household poverty status on children's health (asthma and ear infections) and service use (visits to the doctor and parent-reported hospital admissions), using a national longitudinal study of Australian children, with particular attention to potential residual confounding and selection bias due to study attrition. METHODS: We use four modelling approaches differing in their capacity to reduce residual confounding (generaliz..View full abstract