Three-dimensional biomechanics of simulated laryngeal abduction in horses.
Justin D Perkins, Jennifer Raffetto, Carl Thompson, Renate Weller, Richard J Piercy, Thilo Pfau
Am J Vet Res | Published : 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of simulated contraction of the cricoarytenoideus dorsalis (CAD) muscle on the 3-D motion of the arytenoid cartilage. SAMPLE POPULATION: 5 larynges from equine cadavers. PROCEDURES: Serial computed tomographic scans of each larynx were conducted at 7 incremental forces simulating contraction of medial, lateral, and combined bellies of the left CAD muscle. Three-dimensional reconstruction of radiopaque markers placed at anatomic landmarks on the left arytenoid and cricoid cartilages enabled quantification of marker displacement according to a Cartesian coordinate system. Rotation (roll, pitch, and yaw) of dorsal and ventral arytenoid planes was calculat..View full abstract