Extramedullary Motorized Lengthening of the Femur in Young Children.
Mark T Dahl, Stewart G Morrison, Jennifer C Laine, Susan A Novotny, Andrew G Georgiadis
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
BACKGROUND: Limb lengthening by distraction osteogenesis is now achievable via motorized intramedullary devices, mitigating many complications of lengthening by external fixation. In young patients, antegrade intramedullary nailing of the femur risks avascular necrosis of the femoral head. A method of extramedullary placement of a motorized expandable intramedullary nail has been employed by the senior author to safely achieve femoral lengthening without the use of an external fixator in young patients. METHODS: Eleven skeletally immature patients with lower limb length discrepancy were reviewed who underwent extramedullary placement of a magnetic, expandable intramedullary nail for lengthen..View full abstract