Sorting nexin 27 couples PTHR trafficking to retromer for signal regulation in osteoblasts during bone growth.
Audrey SM Chan, Thomas Clairfeuille, Euphemie Landao-Bassonga, Genevieve Kinna, Pei Ying Ng, Li Shen Loo, Tak Sum Cheng, Minghao Zheng, Wanjin Hong, Rohan D Teasdale, Brett M Collins, Nathan J Pavlos
Molecular Biology of the Cell | Published : 2016
The parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTHR) is central to the process of bone formation and remodeling. PTHR signaling requires receptor internalization into endosomes, which is then terminated by recycling or degradation. Here we show that sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) functions as an adaptor that couples PTHR to the retromer trafficking complex. SNX27 binds directly to the C-terminal PDZ-binding motif of PTHR, wiring it to retromer for endosomal sorting. The structure of SNX27 bound to the PTHR motif reveals a high-affinity interface involving conserved electrostatic interactions. Mechanistically, depletion of SNX27 or retromer augments intracellular PTHR signaling in endosomes. Osteoblasts genet..View full abstract