Journal article

Inequities in Children's Reading Skills: The Role of Home Reading and Preschool Attendance.

Sharon Goldfeld, Margarita Moreno-Betancur, Shuaijun Guo, Fiona Mensah, Elodie O'Connor, Sarah Gray, Shiau Chong, Sue Woolfenden, Katrina Williams, Amanda Kvalsvig, Hannah Badland, Francisco Azpitarte, Meredith O'Connor

Academic Pediatrics | Elsevier Masson | Published : 2021


Objective Children from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds have poorer learning outcomes. These inequities are a significant public health issue, tracking forward to adverse health outcomes in adulthood. We examined the potential to reduce socioeconomic gaps in children's reading skills through increasing home reading and preschool attendance among disadvantaged children. Methods We drew on data from the nationally representative birth cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (N = 5107) to examine the impact of socioeconomic disadvantage (0-1 year) on children's reading skills (8-9 years). An interventional effects approach was applied to estimate the extent to which..

View full abstract


Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Practitioner Fellowship

Awarded by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship

Awarded by Australian Research Council

Awarded by Melbourne Children's LifeCourse initiative - Royal Children's Hospital Foundation

Awarded by European Regional Development Fund

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Australian Research Council Discovery Grant [grant number DP160101735] and was supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. Prof Goldfeld is supported by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Practitioner Fellowship 1155290, Dr Mensah is supported by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship 1111160, Dr Moreno-Betancur is supported by Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Award DE190101326, and Dr O'Connor is supported by the Melbourne Children's LifeCourse initiative, funded by a Royal Children's Hospital Foundation Grant (2018984). Prof Badland is supported by an RMIT University VC Senior Research Fellowship. The Changing Children's Chances investigator team oversees this program of work, and includes Prof Sharon Goldfeld, Prof Katrina Williams, A/Prof Gerry Redmond, Prof Frank Oberklaid, Prof Hannah Badland, Prof Gary Freed, Dr Fiona Mensah, A/Prof Sue Woolfenden, Dr Jenny Proimos, Dr Amanda Kvalsvig, and Dr Jianfei Gong. Dr Francisco Azpitarte also acknowledges financial support from the Spanish State Research Agency and the European Regional Development Fund (ECO2016-76506-C4-2-R). The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.