Journal article

The Isotopic Imprint of Life on an Evolving Planet

MK Lloyd, HLO McClelland, G Antler, AS Bradley, I Halevy, CK Junium, SD Wankel, AL Zerkle

SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS | SPRINGER | Published : 2020

Abstract

Stable isotope compositions of biologically cycled elements encode information about the interaction between life and environment. On Earth, geochemical biomarkers have been used to probe the extent, nature, and activity of modern and ancient organisms. However, extracting biological information from stable isotopic compositions requires untangling the interconnected nature of the Earth’s biogeochemical system, and must be viewed through the lens of evolving metabolisms on an evolving planet. In this chapter, we provide an introduction to isotope geobiology and to the geobiological history of Earth. We discuss the isotope biogeochemistry of the biologically essential elements carbon, nitroge..

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