Journal article

The longitudinal interplay of depressive symptoms and loneliness: causal effects work in both directions and decay to zero before six years

Mohsen Joshanloo

AGING & MENTAL HEALTH | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2021

Abstract

Objective: Prior research on the longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and loneliness has conflated between-person and within-person effects, resulting in confusion over causal influences. The present study used the random-intercept cross-lagged panel model (RI-CLPM) to disentangle between-person from within-person sources of variance.Method: The study used a representative sample of adults older than 40 years from the German Ageing Survey (DEAS). To examine the influence of time lag on the strength of the predictive paths, analyses were conducted with lags of 3 and 6 years.Results: The results showed that, at the within-person level, auto-regressive and cross-lagged paths we..

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