Human Behavior, Livelihood, and Malaria Transmission in Two Sites of Papua New Guinea.
Daniela Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Michelle Katusele, Alma Auwun, Magdalene Marem, Leanne J Robinson, Moses Laman, Manuel W Hetzel, Justin Pulford
J Infect Dis | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission is currently resurging in Papua New Guinea (PNG). In addition to intervention coverage, social and cultural factors influence changes in epidemiology of malaria in PNG. This study aimed to better understand the role of human behavior in relation to current malaria control efforts. METHODS: A mixed-method design was used in 2 sites in PNG. In-depth interviews, focus group discussions, cross-sectional malaria indicator survey, and population census were implemented. RESULTS: We identified 7 population groups based on demographics and behavioral patterns with potential relevance to Anopheles exposure. People spend a substantial amount of time outdoors or in semi..View full abstract