Journal article

Ecological Momentary Assessment of the Relationship between Positive Outcome Expectancies and Gambling Behaviour

Nicki A Dowling, Stephanie S Merkouris, Kimberley Spence

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE | MDPI | Published : 2021

Abstract

Relapse prevention models suggest that positive outcome expectancies can constitute situational determinants of relapse episodes that interact with other factors to determine the likelihood of relapse. The primary aims were to examine reciprocal relationships between situational positive gambling outcome expectancies and gambling behaviour and moderators of these relationships. An online survey and a 28 day Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) were administered to 109 past-month gamblers (84% with gambling problems). EMA measures included outcome expectancies (enjoyment/arousal, self-enhancement, money), self-efficacy, craving, negative emotional state, interpersonal conflict, social pressu..

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