Journal article

Predicting child outcomes in Bhutan: Contributions of parenting support and early childhood education programmes

Stephanie WY Chan, Nirmala Rao, Caroline Cohrssen, Ben Richards

CHILDREN AND YOUTH SERVICES REVIEW | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2021

Abstract

The Royal Government of Bhutan has increasingly emphasised Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD). The Ministries of Education and Health provide services to support child development, including health care, Care for Child Development (C4CD) and centre-based ECCD programmes. C4CD is an evidence-based parenting programme for children younger than 36 months, while centre-based programmes are provided for children aged 3–5 years. This study examined the association of participation in C4CD and ECCD programmes with child development. A list of 54 randomly selected ECCD centres from nine districts in Bhutan was generated. We surveyed 232 parents of 3–5-year-olds from the 54 centres and anoth..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

The work described in this paper was substantially supported by a grant from the Ministry of Education, Bhutan, and UNICEF Bhutan Country Office. The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, or decision to publish. Representatives of thefunders reviewed the manuscript draft for factual accuracy.