Geographic and socio-economic variation in markers of indoor air pollution in Nepal: evidence from nationally-representative data.
Saruna Ghimire, Shiva Raj Mishra, Abhishek Sharma, Adugna Siweya, Nipun Shrestha, Bipin Adhikari
BMC Public Health | Published : 2019
BACKGROUND: In low-income countries such as Nepal, indoor air pollution (IAP), generated by the indoor burning of biomass fuels, is the top-fourth risk factor driving overall morbidity and mortality. We present the first assessment of geographic and socio-economic determinants of the markers of IAP (specifically fuel types, cooking practices, and indoor smoking) in a nationally-representative sample of Nepalese households. METHODS: Household level data on 11,040 households, obtained from the 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, were analyzed. Binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the use of fuel types, indoor cooking practices, indoor smoking and IAP with respect ..View full abstract