Socio-economic inequalities in hypertension burden and cascade of services: nationwide cross-sectional study in Nepal.
Shiva Raj Mishra, Saruna Ghimire, Nipun Shrestha, Archana Shrestha, Salim S Virani
Journal of Human Hypertension | Published : 2019
With an aim to examine the socio-economic inequalities in prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, this study analyzed 14,823 adults, 15 years or older with blood pressure measured, in the 2016 Nepal Demographic Health Survey. Multi-variable logistic regression and Lorenz curves were used to explore the inequalities. The prevalence of hypertension was 19.5% (95% CI: 18.3-20.7). Further, of the total hypertensive, the prevalence of hypertension awareness, treatment and control was 40.0% (95% CI: 37.5-42.6), 20.2% (95% CI: 18.0-22.2) and 10.5% (95% CI: 8.8-12.2), respectively. Participants with secondary (OR: 1.45, 95% CI: 1.20-1.76) and higher education (OR:1.42, 95% CI:..View full abstract