Journal article

Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention led by female community health volunteers versus usual care in blood pressure reduction (COBIN): an open-label, cluster-randomised trial.

Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva Raj Mishra, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henry B Perry, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup

The Lancet Global Health | Published : 2018

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Elevated blood pressure greatly contributes to cardiovascular deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a population-level intervention led by existing community health workers in reducing the burden of hypertension in a low-income population. METHODS: We did a community-based, open-label, two-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal. Using computer-generated codes, we randomly assigned (1:1) 14 clusters to a lifestyle intervention led by female community health volunteers (FCHVs) or usual care (control group). In the intervention group, 43 FCHVs provided home visits every 4 months for lifestyle counselling and blo..

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