Characterisation of vaping liquids used in vaping devices across four countries: results from an analysis of selected vaping liquids reported by users in the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.
Brian Vincent Fix, Richard J OConnor, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, Noel L Leigh, Michael Cummings, Sara C Hitchman, Geoffrey T Fong, Georges El Nahas, David Hammond, Ann McNeill, Ron Borland, Bill King, Mary N Palumbo
Tobacco Control | Published : 2021
OBJECTIVES: This study presents an analysis of vaping products (VPs) purchased in the USA, Canada, England and Australia and assesses whether differences in regulations were associated with differences in the chemical composition of the VPs. METHODS: April-September 2017, a total of 234 VP refill liquids and prefilled cartridges were purchased in convenience samples of retail locations in each country. Products were chosen from brands and styles most commonly reported by current VP users in the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey. All products were tested for nicotine, tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs), minor tobacco alkaloids, organic acids and flavouring chemicals. RESULTS:..View full abstract