Biodiesel production from new algal sources using response surface methodology and microwave application
Maria Hasnain, Zainul Abideen, Shagufta Naz, Ute Roessner, Neelma Munir
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery | SPRINGER HEIDELBERG | Published : 2021
Society is looking for clean alternate fuels due to the increased depletion of fossil fuels and energy demands. The cost of oil extraction and downstream biodiesel conversation processes are the main limiting factor to commercialized algal biodiesel. The effect of microwave irradiation on the simultaneous in situ transesterification and extraction of algae lipids was investigated for biodiesel production. The response surface methodology (RSM) with the central composite design was used to analyze catalyst concentration and reaction time. Oedogonium sp., Ulothrix sp., Cladophora sp., and Spirogyra sp. were collected and treated with microwave techniques with different optimized conditions by ..View full abstract
Awarded by Higher Education Commission
This work was supported by the Higher Education Commission (grant number NRPU-2738) awarded to the Neelma Munir.