Do Walking-Friendly Built Environments Influence Frailty and Long-Term Care Insurance Service Needs?
Seigo Mitsutake, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Yuri Yokoyama, Mariko Nishi, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka, Shohei Yano, Takumi Abe, Akihiko Kitamura
SUSTAINABILITY | MDPI | Published : 2021
Our study examined the associations between neighborhood walkability, frailty, and the incidence of long-term care insurance (LTCI) service needs using a prospective cohort survey in a suburban town in Japan. The final sample for analyses comprised 2867 community-dwelling older adults (mean age: 73.0 years). Neighborhood walkability was measured using the Walk Score®. A total of 387 participants (13.5%) exhibited frailty. The odds of frailty, adjusted for the covariates (sex, age, educational status, marital status, residential status, employment status, subjective economic status) among participants who lived in somewhat walkable/very walkable areas, was 0.750 (95% Confidence Interval, CI: ..View full abstract
This research was funded by The Japan Foundation for Aging and Health, Rokenjigyo from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, and Research Grant 2019 from Daiwa Securities Health Foundation.