Journal article

Characterization of a filovirus (Mengla virus) from Rousettus bats in China

Xing-Lou Yang, Chee Wah Tan, Danielle E Anderson, Ren-Di Jiang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Xiao Fang Lim, Peng Zhou, Xiang-Ling Liu, Wuxiang Guan, Libiao Zhang, Shi-Yue Li, Yun-Zhi Zhang, Lin-Fa Wang, Zheng-Li Shi

Nature Microbiology | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2019

Abstract

Filoviruses, especially Ebola virus (EBOV) and Marburg virus (MARV), are notoriously pathogenic and capable of causing severe haemorrhagic fever diseases in humans with high lethality1,2. The risk of future outbreaks is exacerbated by the discovery of other bat-borne filoviruses of wide genetic diversity globally3-5. Here we report the characterization of a phylogenetically distinct bat filovirus, named Měnglà virus (MLAV). The coding-complete genome of MLAV shares 32-54% nucleotide sequence identity with known filoviruses. Phylogenetic analysis places this new virus between EBOV and MARV, suggesting the need for a new genus taxon. Importantly, despite the low amino acid sequence identity (2..

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Grants

Awarded by Chinese Academy of Sciences


Awarded by Singapore National Research Foundation


Awarded by Singapore MINDEF grant


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported in part by the strategic priority research programme of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (no. XDB29010000 to Z-L.S.), Singapore National Research Foundation grants (nos. NRF2012NRF-CRP001-056 and NRF2016NRF-NSFC002-013 to L.-F.W.) and a Singapore MINDEF grant (no. MINDEF-NUS-DIRP/2015/04 to L.-F.W. and D.E.A.). X.L.Y. is supported by the Visiting Scientist Fellowship from the Chinese Academy of Sciences. We thank T. Hoenen and H. Feldmann for providing plasmids from which the relevant EBOV genes were derived for this study.