Malaria prevalence among pregnant women in two districts with differing endemicity in Chhattisgarh, India.
Neeru Singh, Mrigendra P Singh, Blair J Wylie, Mobassir Hussain, Yeboah A Kojo, Chander Shekhar, Lora Sabin, Meghna Desai, V Udhayakumar, Davidson H Hamer
Malaria Journal | Published : 2012
BACKGROUND: In India, malaria is not uniformly distributed. Chhattisgarh is a highly malarious state where both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are prevalent with a preponderance of P. falciparum. Malaria in pregnancy (MIP), especially when caused by P. falciparum, poses substantial risk to the mother and foetus by increasing the risk of foetal death, prematurity, low birth weight (LBW), and maternal anaemia. These risks vary between areas with stable and unstable transmission. The specific objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of malaria, its association with maternal and birth outcomes, and use of anti-malarial preventive measures for development of evidence ..View full abstract