Journal article

Tissue and regional expression patterns of dicistronic tRNA-mRNA transcripts in grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and their evolutionary co-appearance with vasculature in land plants

Pastor Jullian Fabres, Lakshay Anand, Na Sai, Stephen Pederson, Fei Zheng, Alexander A Stewart, Benjamin Clements, Edwin R Lampugnani, James Breen, Matthew Gilliham, Penny Tricker, Carlos M Rodriguez Lopez, Rakesh David

HORTICULTURE RESEARCH | NANJING AGRICULTURAL UNIV | Published : 2021

Abstract

Transfer RNAs (tRNA) are crucial adaptor molecules between messenger RNA (mRNA) and amino acids. Recent evidence in plants suggests that dicistronic tRNA-like structures also act as mobile signals for mRNA transcripts to move between distant tissues. Co-transcription is not a common feature in the plant nuclear genome and, in the few cases where polycistronic transcripts have been found, they include non-coding RNA species, such as small nucleolar RNAs and microRNAs. It is not known, however, the extent to which dicistronic transcripts of tRNA and mRNAs are expressed in field-grown plants, or the factors contributing to their expression. We analysed tRNA-mRNA dicistronic transcripts in the m..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Wine Australia


Awarded by ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology


Awarded by National Institute of Food and Agriculture, AFRI Competitive Grant Program


Awarded by National Institute of Food and Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture


Awarded by ARC FT and DP funding


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded through a Pilot Program in Genomic Applications in Agriculture and Environment Sectors jointly supported by the University of Adelaide and the Australian Genome Research Facility Ltd. P.J.F. was supported by Graduate Research Scholarships from Wine Australia (PH1503) and the University of Adelaide. N.S. was supported by a summer scholarship from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology (CE1400008). C.M.R.L. is currently partially supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, AFRI Competitive Grant Program Accession number 1018617 and National Institute of Food and Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture, Hatch Program accession number 1020852. E.R.L. wishes to acknowledge ongoing support from Prof Staffan Persson through ARC FT and DP funding (DP190101941; FT160100218). We thank the Barossa Grounds Project and the growers who allowed us to collect samples and supplied information about their vineyards. We thank Kendall Corbin for performing the DNA extraction of the leaf samples. We thank Cassandra Collins for the experimental design and collection of the plant material. We thank Roberta DeBei, Sandra Milena Mantilla, Annette James and Valentin Olek who helped with the sample collection. We thank Stephen Tyerman for his contribution in the development of DiRT. We thank Timothy Cavagnaro and Andrew Metcalfe for their contribution in the experimental design. We thank Dr Uli Felzmann from Science IT, University of Melbourne, for assistance with high-performance computing infrastructure.