Journal article

Parasite management in aquaculture exerts selection on salmon louse behaviour

Andrew Coates, Ingrid A Johnsen, Tim Dempster, Ben L Phillips

EVOLUTIONARY APPLICATIONS | WILEY | Published : 2021

Abstract

The evolution of pest resistance to management strategies is a major challenge for farmed systems. Mitigating the effects of pest adaptation requires identifying the selective pressures imposed by these strategies. In Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture, barriers are used to prevent salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) larvae (copepodids) from entering salmon cages. These barriers are effective against shallow-swimming copepodids, but those swimming deeper can pass underneath and infest salmon. Laboratory experiments suggest that depth regulation in copepodids is a variable behavioural trait with a genetic basis. We used biological-hydrodynamic dispersal models to assess how this tra..

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