Journal article

Reactive oxygen species in exercise and insulin resistance: Working towards personalized antioxidant treatment

Kathryn McKeegan, Shaun A Mason, Adam J Trewin, Michelle A Keske, Glenn D Wadley, Paul A Della Gatta, Michalis G Nikolaidis, Lewan Parker

REDOX BIOLOGY | ELSEVIER | Published : 2021

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are well known for their role in insulin resistance and the development of cardiometabolic disease including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Conversely, evidence supports the notion that ROS are a necessary component for glucose cell transport and adaptation to physiological stress including exercise and muscle contraction. Although genetic rodent models and cell culture studies indicate antioxidant treatment to be an effective strategy for targeting ROS to promote health, human findings are largely inconsistent. In this review we discuss human research that has investigated antioxidant treatment and glycemic control in the context of health (healthy individuals..

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University of Melbourne Researchers