Journal article

Mouse models for dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa carrying common human point mutations recapitulate the human disease.

Blake RC Smith, Alexander Nyström, Cameron J Nowell, Ingrid Hausser, Christine Gretzmeier, Susan J Robertson, George A Varigos, Cristina Has, Johannes S Kern, Ken C Pang

Dis Model Mech | Published : 2021

Abstract

Heterozygous missense mutations in the human COL7A1 gene - coding for collagen VII - lead to the rare, dominantly inherited skin disorder dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DDEB), which is characterised by skin fragility, blistering, scarring and nail dystrophy. To better understand the pathophysiology of DDEB and develop more effective treatments, suitable mouse models for DDEB are required but to date none have existed. We identified the two most common COL7A1 mutations in DDEB patients (p.G2034R and p.G2043R) and used CRISPR-Cas9 to introduce the corresponding mutations into mouse Col7a1 (p.G2028R and p.G2037R). Dominant inheritance of either of these two alleles results in a phen..

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