A Systematic Review of Cognition-Brain Morphology Relationships on the Schizophrenia-Bipolar Disorder Spectrum.
James A Karantonis, Sean P Carruthers, Susan L Rossell, Christos Pantelis, Matthew Hughes, Cassandra Wannan, Vanessa Cropley, Tamsyn E Van Rheenen
Schizophr Bull | Oxford University Press (OUP) | Published : 2021
The nature of the relationship between cognition and brain morphology in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (SSD) and bipolar disorder (BD) is uncertain. This review aimed to address this, by providing a comprehensive systematic investigation of links between several cognitive domains and brain volume, cortical thickness, and cortical surface area in SSD and BD patients across early and established illness stages. An initial search of PubMed and Scopus databases resulted in 1486 articles, of which 124 met inclusion criteria and were reviewed in detail. The majority of studies focused on SSD, while those of BD were scarce. Replicated evidence for specific regions associated with indices of cogn..View full abstract