Journal article

The Impact of Simvastatin on Lipidomic Markers of Cardiovascular Risk in Human Liver Cells Is Secondary to the Modulation of Intracellular Cholesterol

Yvette L Schooneveldt, Corey Giles, Michael F Keating, Natalie A Mellett, Aaron W Jurrjens, Sudip Paul, Anna C Calkin, Peter J Meikle

METABOLITES | MDPI | Published : 2021

Abstract

Statins are the first-line lipid-lowering therapy for reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. A plasma lipid ratio of two phospholipids, PI(36:2) and PC(18:0_20:4), was previously identified to explain 58% of the relative CVD risk reduction associated with pravastatin, independent of a change in low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. This ratio may be a potential biomarker for the treatment effect of statins; however, the underlying mechanisms linking this ratio to CVD risk remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of altered cholesterol conditions on the lipidome of cultured human liver cells (Hep3B). Hep3B cells were treated with simvastatin (5 μM), cyclodextrin (20 mg/mL..

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