Reduction in Maternal Energy Intake during Lactation Decreased Maternal Body Weight and Concentrations of Leptin, Insulin and Adiponectin in Human Milk without Affecting Milk Production, Milk Macronutrient Composition or Infant Growth
Gabriela E Leghi, Merryn J Netting, Ching T Lai, Ardra Narayanan, Michael Dymock, Alethea Rea, Mary E Wlodek, Donna T Geddes, Beverly S Muhlhausler
NUTRIENTS | MDPI | Published : 2021
Maternal diet has the potential to affect human milk (HM) composition, but very few studies have directly assessed the effect of maternal diets on HM composition. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effect of improving dietary quality in lactating women over 2 weeks on the concentrations of macronutrients and metabolic hormones in HM. The secondary aims were to assess the impact of the dietary intervention on 24 h milk production, maternal body composition and infant growth. Fifteen women completed a 1-week baseline period followed by a 2-week dietary intervention phase targeted towards reducing fat and sugar intake. Maternal anthropometric and body composition and infant growth ..View full abstract
G.E.L. was supported by a FOODplus postgraduate Early Life Nutrition Scholarship, The University of Adelaide. D.T.G. is funded by an unrestricted research grant from Medela AG (Switzerland). B.S.M. received a Career Development Award from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC). Funders had no role in study design, data collection, analysis, data interpretation or writing of the manuscript.