Diet quality and a traditional dietary pattern predict lean mass in Australian women: Longitudinal data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study
Jessica A Davis, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Fiona Collier, Amy Loughman, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Julie A Pasco, Felice N Jacka
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE REPORTS | ELSEVIER | Published : 2021
Low muscle mass is associated with reduced independence and increased risk for falls and fractures. Identification of modifiable risk factors for low muscle mass is thus imperative. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal relationship between both diet quality and patterns and lean mass in Australian women. Data from n = 494 participants of the Geelong Osteoporosis Study's 10- and 15-year women's follow-ups were used (conducted in 2004-08 and 2011-14, respectively), and participants were aged 21-89 years. Self-reported lifestyle and demographics were collected, and food frequency questionnaire data informed the dietary exposure variables: the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS); th..View full abstract
The authors would like to thank the Geelong Osteoporosis Study participants and staff and acknowledge the support of the Deakin University iMPACT Institute. We thank Professor Graham Giles of the Cancer Epidemiology Centre of The Cancer Council Victoria, for permission to use the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies (Version 2), Melbourne: The Cancer Council Victoria 1996.