Journal article

Farmed salmonids drive the abundance, ecology and evolution of parasitic salmon lice in Norway

T Dempster, K Overton, S Bui, LH Stien, F Oppedal, O Karlsen, A Coates, BL Phillips, LT Barrett

AQUACULTURE ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS | INTER-RESEARCH | Published : 2021

Abstract

Sea cage fish farming is typically open to the environment, with disease transmission possible between farmed and wild hosts. In salmonid aquaculture, salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis infestations cause production losses, reduce welfare for farmed fish and increase infestation rates for wild fish populations. The high density of hosts in farms likely also shifts the coevo-lutionary arms race between host and parasite, with ecological and evolutionary consequences for the salmon louse. Using farm-reported salmon and louse abundances and publicly reported estimates of wild salmonid host abundances and the salmon lice they carry, we estimated (1) the relative abundance of farmed and wild sa..

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