The lipid paradox in neuroprogressive disorders: Causes and consequences.
Gerwyn Morris, Michael Berk, Ken Walder, Adrienne O'Neil, Michael Maes, Basant K Puri
Neurosci Biobehav Rev | Published : 2021
Chronic systemic inflammation is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in an environment of low low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and low total cholesterol and with the pathophysiology of neuroprogressive disorders. The causes and consequences of this lipid paradox are explored. Circulating activated neutrophils can release inflammatory molecules such as myeloperoxidase and the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha. Since activated neutrophils are associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease and with major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, it seems reasonable to hypothesise that the..View full abstract