Journal article

Measurement Invariance of the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience Across 13 Countries.

Veljko Jovanović, Mohsen Joshanloo, Marta Martín-Carbonell, Corrado Caudek, Begoña Espejo, Irene Checa, Julia Krasko, Theodoros Kyriazos, Jarosław Piotrowski, Sean PM Rice, Ana Junça Silva, Kamlesh Singh, Katsunori Sumi, Kwok Kit Tong, Murat Yıldırım, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska

Assessment | Published : 2021


The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) is widely used to measure emotional experiences, but not much is known about its cross-cultural utility. The present study evaluated the measurement invariance of the SPANE across adult samples (N = 12,635; age range = 18-85 years; 58.2% female) from 13 countries (China, Colombia, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Turkey, and the United States). Configural and partial scalar invariance of the SPANE were supported. Three items capturing specific negative emotions (sad, afraid, and angry) were found to be culturally noninvariant. Our findings suggest that the SPANE's positive emotion terms and general ne..

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