Combined nitrate and phosphorus application promotes rhizosphere alkalization and nitrogen uptake by wheat but not canola in acid subsoils
Zhe Han Weng, Clayton R Butterly, Peter Sale, Guangdi Li, Caixian Tang
JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS | SPRINGER HEIDELBERG | Published : 2021
Purpose: Excess anion uptake in the form of nitrate has been shown to reduce soil acidification. The question is to what extent the deep placement of calcium nitrate can increase this root-induced alkalization in reducing subsurface soil acidity. Methods: Wheat and canola were grown for 35 days in reconstructed soil columns comprising of topsoil (pHCaCl2 5.4) in 0–10 cm and subsurface soil (pHCaCl2 4.8) in 10–50 cm. Two forms of 15N-enriched fertilizers (urea versus calcium nitrate at 237 mg N per column) with or without P fertilizer (NaH2PO4 at 99 mg P per column) were placed at 0–10, 10–20, or 20–30 cm depth. Root proliferation, rhizosphere pH, and shoot 15N recovery were quantified. Resul..View full abstract
Awarded by Grains Research and Development Corporation of Australia
yThis work was part of the project "Innovative approaches to managing subsoil acidity in the southern grain region" (DAN00206) supported by Grains Research and Development Corporation of Australia. We thank Drs Jason Condon and Sergio Moroni for allowing access to the Rutherglen experimental site for soil collection, and Yunfang Qiao and Shujie Miao, Dominic Lauricella and Janani Jasinghe Basthian Arachchige for root harvest. We acknowledge the technical support by Melbourne University TrACEES Platform (Trace Analysis for Chemical, Earth and Environmental Sciences) for the IRMS analyses.