Journal article

TB contact tracing for young children: an Australian cascade of care review

N Moyo, EL Tay, A Nolan, HR Graham, SM Graham, JT Denholm

Public Health Action | International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | Published : 2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate care cascades for programmatic active case finding and latent TB infection (LTBI) management in young child TB contacts (aged <5 years) in Victoria, Australia. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of public health surveillance data to identify contacts of all pulmonary TB cases notified from 2016 to 2019. RESULTS: Contact tracing identified 574 young child contacts of 251 pulmonary TB cases. Active TB was found in 28 (4.9%) contacts, none of whom had previously received bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination, and 529 were tested for TB infection using the tuberculin skin test (TST). The overall TST positivity was 15.3% (95% CI 0.1–0.2). Among the 574 children, 150 (2..

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