Bacterial infections, sepsis, and multiorgan failure in cirrhosis.
Puneeta Tandon, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao
Semin Liver Dis | Published : 2008
Bacterial infections are an important complication of cirrhosis, particularly in hospitalized patients. In this article we review the prevalence, risk factors, and pathogenesis of bacterial infections in cirrhosis, focusing on the mechanisms of bacterial translocation such as impaired immunity and bacterial overgrowth, as well as maneuvers that may inhibit bacterial translocation and could be used not only to prevent infections but also to ameliorate the hyperdynamic circulatory state of cirrhosis. We also review the clinical features and management of the most common infection in cirrhosis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), specifically the evidence behind the therapy of acute SBP, t..View full abstract