Journal article

An overlooked majority: HIV-positive gay men who smoke

J Craig Phillips, John L Oliffe, Mary HH Ensom, Joan L Bottorff, Laura JL Bissell, Jack Boomer, Kerry MacKelvie O'Brien, Terry Howard, Milan Khara



Therapeutic advances have dramatically improved health outcomes and life expectancy among persons living with HIV, but gains in life expectancy achieved by antiretroviral therapy may be mitigated by other health risk behaviours. HIV-positive gay men are especially at-risk for smoking and its adverse health risks. This scoping review summarizes evidence related to HIV and smoking, paying particular attention to gay men's masculinities as a means of providing direction for tailored tobacco cessation interventions for this vulnerable group. HIV-positive gay men face challenges with managing a complex disease and its psychological and social issues require tailored tobacco cessation intervention..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded, in part, by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research, HIV/AIDS Community-based Research Program-Federal Initiative to Address HIV/AIDS in Canada, Catalyst Grant (Environmental scan of HIV+ smokers in British Columbia) and a Canadian Institutes of Health Research Emerging Team Grant (Gender based tobacco reduction interventions). Career support for J.L.O. was provided by Canadian Institutes of Health Research new investigator awards and Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research scholar awards.