Journal article

Health, Illness, Men and Masculinities (HIMM): a theoretical framework for understanding men and their health

Joan Evans, Blye Frank, John L Oliffe, David Gregory



Gender, the complex of social relations and practices attached to biological sex, is one of the most important socio-cultural factors influencing health and health-related behavior. Although a large body of health research suggests that men with similar social disadvantages as women experience poorer health outcomes in relation to disability, chronic illness, injury rates and mortality, men's health is rarely deconstructed through the lens of gender. The purpose of this article is to increase understanding of the ways in which masculinities intersect with other social determinants of health creating health disparities among men, and to provide direction for masculine affirming health interve..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Funding Acknowledgements

This research and article was made possible by a Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation Collaborative Health Research Project Grant and a Capacity Team Development Grant as well as a Canadian Institutes of Health Research Meetings, Planning and Dissemination Grant. Career support for J.L. Oliffe is provided by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research new investigator and a Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research scholar award. Many thanks to Mary T. Kelly for her assistance with this article.