Journal article

Dietary intake and hospitalisation due to diabetic ketoacidosis and hypoglycaemia in individuals with type 1 diabetes.

Aila J Ahola, Valma Harjutsalo, Merlin C Thomas, Carol Forsblom, Per-Henrik Groop

Sci Rep | Published : 2021

Abstract

We investigated the association between diet and risk of hospitalisation for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetes. Food records were used to assess dietary intake. Data on DKA and hypoglycaemia hospitalisations, within two years of dietary assessments, were obtained from registries. Analyses were conducted with and without macronutrient substitution. Data were available from 1391 participants, 28 (2.0%) and 55 (4.0%) of whom were hospitalised due to DKA or hypoglycaemia, respectively. In the adjusted model, self-reported alcohol intake was associated with increased (per 10 g: B = 1.463, 95% CI = 1.114-1.922, p = 0.006; per E%: B = 1.113, 95% CI = 1.027-1.206, p = 0..

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