Journal article

A WIDESPREAD NOVEL GAMMAHERPESVIRUS IN APPARENTLY HEALTHY WILD QUOKKAS (SETONIX BRACHYURUS): A THREATENED AND ENDEMIC WALLABY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Pedro Martinez-Perez, Timothy H Hyndman, Patricia A Fleming, Paola K Vaz, Nino P Ficorilli, Colin R Wilks

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE | AMER ASSOC ZOO VETERINARIANS | Published : 2021

Abstract

Five genetically distinct macropodid marsupial herpesviruses have been reported [Macropodid alphaherpesviruses 1 and 2 (MaHV-1 and -2); Macropodid herpesviruses 3 to 5 (MaHV-3 to -5)]. MaHV-2 was originally isolated from an outbreak of fatal disease in captive quokkas (Setonix brachyurus) that were in contact with other macropodid species. This warranted a survey of the presence of herpesviruses in this threatened and endemic Western Australian (WA) wallaby. Blood samples from 142 apparently healthy quokkas were tested for exposure to MaHV-1 and -2 by serology. Of these 142, 121 [Rottnest Island (RI), n = 93; mainland WA, n = 28] were tested for herpesvirus infection by polymerase chain reac..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Murdoch University, Rottnest Island Authority


Awarded by Department of Parks and Wildlife (Murdoch University)


Awarded by Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (Murdoch University)


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Murdoch University, Rottnest Island Authority (Murdoch University internal ID 7069), the Department of Parks and Wildlife (Murdoch University internal ID 14131), and Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment (Murdoch University internal ID 14020). The authors thank Helen Shortland, Cassyanna Thomas, and Kate Riddle; the staff of the Veterinary Clinical Pathology service at Murdoch University; Joanne Devlin and Kathryn Stalder at the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences of The University of Melbourne; Shannon Dundas and Karlene Bain; and Frances Brigg from the Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre (SABC) at Murdoch University. Special acknowledgement goes to Jessica Lee for assistance with this project.