Journal article

The non-specific nature of mental health and structural brain outcomes following childhood trauma.

Theresa K Haidl, Dennis M Hedderich, Marlene Rosen, Nathalie Kaiser, Mauro Seves, Thorsten Lichtenstein, Nora Penzel, Julian Wenzel, Lana Kambeitz-Ilankovic, Anne Ruef, David Popovic, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Katharine Chisholm, Rachel Upthegrove, Raimo KR Salokangas, Christos Pantelis, Eva Meisenzahl, Stephen J Wood, Paolo Brambilla, Stefan Borgwardt Show all

Psychol Med | Published : 2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma (CT) is associated with an increased risk of mental health disorders; however, it is unknown whether this represents a diagnosis-specific risk factor for specific psychopathology mediated by structural brain changes. Our aim was to explore whether (i) a predictive CT pattern for transdiagnostic psychopathology exists, and whether (ii) CT can differentiate between distinct diagnosis-dependent psychopathology. Furthermore, we aimed to identify the association between CT, psychopathology and brain structure. METHODS: We used multivariate pattern analysis in data from 643 participants of the Personalised Prognostic Tools for Early Psychosis Management study (PRONIA),..

View full abstract