Journal article

The median preoptic nucleus: A major regulator of fluid, temperature, sleep, and cardiovascular homeostasis.

Michael J McKinley, Glenn L Pennington, Philip J Ryan

Handb Clin Neurol | Published : 2021

Abstract

Located in the midline lamina terminalis of the anterior wall of the third ventricle, the median preoptic nucleus is a thin elongated nucleus stretching around the rostral border of the anterior commissure. Its neuronal elements, composed of various types of excitatory glutamatergic and inhibitory GABAergic neurons, receive afferent neural signals from (1) neighboring subfornical organ and organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis related to plasma osmolality and hormone concentrations, e.g., angiotensin II; (2) from peripheral sensors such as arterial baroreceptors and cutaneous thermosensors. Different sets of these MnPO glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons relay output signals to hypotha..

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