Evaluation of Cypholophus macrocephalus sap as a treatment for infected cutaneous ulcers in Papua New Guinea.
Rachael L Moses, Rui Fang, Jordanna Dally, Marie Briggs, Fionnuala T Lundy, Robert Kiapranis, Ryan Moseley, Thomas AK Prescott
Fitoterapia | Elsevier BV | Published : 2020
Cypholophus macrocephalus sap is used to treat bacterially infected cutaneous leg ulcers in Papua New Guinea. High resolution LC-MS analysis of the sap revealed it to be rich in sulphated flavonoids. We assessed the effects of the sap on the differentiation and pro-inflammatory anti-microbial responses of M1 macrophages using IL-6 and TNF-α ELISAs and found significant increases in M1 macrophage IL-6 expression with concentrations as low as 243 ng/ml sap. Neutrophil IL-6 and TNF-α expression was also significantly increased but to a lesser degree. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 1, 2, 8 and 9 which are known to contribute to the toxic nature of wound exudates were inhibited by the sap at 24..View full abstract